Profile

Official Name: name
  People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Flag: flag
Capital: Algiers
  algiers
Independence: July 5, 1962
National Day: Anniversary of the Revolution-November 1st (1954).
Constitution: Constitution revised on 15th November 2008.
President: The President is elected for a five year term by direct, secret and universal suffrage.
Parliament: Bicameral:
The Council of the Nation
The National People’s Assembly
Language: Arabic is the national and official language. Tamazight is also a national language.
Population:
39.5 million in 1st January 2015
Religion: Islam is the religion of the State.
Currency: Algerian Dinar (AD)=one hundred centimes.
Local Time: G.M.T. + 1
Telephone Code: 213
Area: 2 381 741 Km²
Main Cities: Algiers - Oran - Constantine - Annaba
Territorial Entities: The Territorial Entities are the "Commune" and the "Wilaya."
  The Wilayate (provinces) are 48. Their code numbers are from 01 to 48.
  Adrar - Chlef - Laghouat - Oum El Bouaghi - Batna - Bejaia - Biskra - Bechar - Blida - Bouira - Tamanrasset - Tebessa - Tlemcen - Tiaret - Tizi Ouzou - Algiers - Djelfa - Jijel - Setif - Saïda - Skikda - Sidi Bel Abbes - Annaba - Guelma - Constantine - Medea - Mostaganem - Msila - Mascara - Ouargla - Oran - El Bayadh - Illizi - Bordj Bou Arreridj - Boumerdes - El Tarf - Tindouf - Tissemsilt - El Oued - Khenchela - Souk Ahras - Tipaza - Mila - Aïn Defla - Naama - Aïn Temouchent - Ghardaia - Relizane.
Geography:

 
Located in North Africa, Algeria is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the north, Morocco, Western Sahara and Mauritania on the west, Mali and Niger on the south, and Libya and Tunisia on the east.
Climate:

 
Mediterranean in the costal areas.
Semiarid in the mid-South.
Arid in the South.