The socio-economic situation in Algeria

I.    Key figures

Gross domestic product (GDP):

220 billion dollars (2015)
Share of hydrocarbons in the GDP: 40-45%
Share of hydrocarbons in the budget revenue: 36%

GDP per capita:
5,445 dollars
(2015)

Budget deficit: 12 % of GDP (Budget for 2016)

Growth rate: 2.8% for 2015 (4.4% excluding hydrocarbons)
                   3.9 % estimated for 2016 (4.25% excluding hydrocarbons)


Exchange reserves: 121 billion dollars (2016)

External debt: 5.3 billion dollars (end 2015)

Inflation: 4.78% (end 2015)
               
Unemployment: 11.2% (September 2015)
                          

II.    Foreign trade of Algeria in 2015

Total volume: 89.2 billion dollars
Exports: 37.787 billion dollars
Imports: 51.501 billion dollars
Trade deficit : 13.71 billion dollars


Main exports
Oil, gas, derivatives of hydrocarbons and foodstuffs, non-alimentary goods, industrial capital goods.


Main clients
Spain: 6.56 billion dollars
Italy:  6.16 billion dollars
France: 4.92 billion dollars
United Kingdom: 2.53 billion dollars

Netherlands: 2.28 billion dollars

Turkey:2.07 billion dollars
UE countries are the top export destination of Algeria products (68%)

Main suppliers
China: 8.22 billion dollars
France: 5.42 billion dollars
Italy: 4.82 billion dollars
Spain: 3.93 billion dollars
Germany: 3.38 billion dollars

United States of America :2.71 billion dollars

United Kingdom : 4.71 billion dollars

UE countries are also the top supplier of Algeria (49%)

III.    Human development indicators

Population: 40.4 million inhabitants (as at 1st January 2016)

Life expectancy: 75.8 years for men
                        76.8 years for women
Guaranteed minimum wage: 18,000 dinars as of January 2011    

School enrolment rate:
Children aged 6 years: 98% (2015)
Children aged 6 to 15 years: 96.88%
Number of pupils and students: (2014-2015 school year)
               8.55 million in primary and secondary school
               1,277,945 in higher education

Illiteracy rate: 14 % (2015)

Drinking water supplies: 96.7% (end 2015) of households are connected to a drinking water supply system

Sewerage systems: 90% (end 2015) of households are connected to a sewerage system

Gas distribution network: 48.3% of households are connected to the natural gas distribution network (2015)

Electricity: 98.3% of households are connected to the electricity network (2015)

Density of mobile telephones: 119% (end 2015), i.e. 46.3 million subscriptions

Internet penetration rate: 26.8% (end 2015), i.e. 10.2 million subscriptions